Lorazepam is mainly used for the treatment of anxiety disorders, including generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, and social anxiety disorder. It is also used as a short-term treatment for insomnia or as a pre-anesthetic medication to reduce anxiety before surgery.
Lorazepam belongs to the class of drugs known as benzodiazepines, which work by increasing the levels of a neurotransmitter called gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the brain. This helps to reduce anxiety and promote relaxation.
In addition to its use for anxiety, lorazepam may also be used to treat acute seizures, such as those caused by epilepsy, and to manage symptoms of alcohol withdrawal.
It is important to use lorazepam only under the guidance of a healthcare provider, who can help determine the most appropriate dosage and duration of treatment based on individual needs and medical history. Regular monitoring and screening for potential side effects may also be recommended for individuals taking lorazepam.